GHS Safety Data Sheets (SDS)
Following the revision of The Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) in 2012, all chemical manufacturers and distributors were mandated to communicate the hazards associated with handling and use of their products. The SDS contains such details as; Environmental, Physical and Health hazards. It also outlines the protective measures and safety precautions for handling the chemical.
The SDS contains 16 sections described below;
Section 1: Identification
It provides identity of the chemical with the manufacturer, distributor and their contacts.
The product’s use and restrictions on use are also outlined.
Section 2: Hazard(s) Identification
This section entails the hazards posed by the chemical with all the warning labels marked appropriately.
- Classification of the supposed hazard
- Symbol of the hazard
- Necessary precaution to be taken
Section 3: Composition/Information on Ingredients
Outlines in detail the ingredients used to manufacture the chemical as indicated on the SDS.
Details on substances, mixtures and trade secret claims are also contained in this section.
Section 4: First Aid Measures
Outlines the emergency response that should be administered to a victim exposed to the chemical.
Section 5: Firefighting Measures
It elaborates the means of extinguishing fire caused by the chemical.
Description on the specific media of extinguishing fire caused by the particular chemical and warning on other extinguishing equipments not necessary in handling such case.
- Warning on other specific hazards that develop as a result of fire caused by the chemical
- Advice to firefighters on special protective equipments
Section 6: Accidental Release Measures
Describes emergency responses to leaks and releases of the chemical together with the containment and cleanup practices that would aid in containing the exposure.
Section 7: Handling and Storage
This section expounds on safe handling and storage of specific chemical listed on the SDS
Section 8: Exposure Controls/Personal protection
It elaborates on the limits of exposure by worker and personal precautionary measures that can be taken to limit the extent of the exposure.
Section 9: Physical and Chemical Properties
This section describes the primary physical and chemical properties of the chemical.
Section 10: Stability and Reactivity
This section gives details on the reactivity of the chemical and its stability.
It outlines the possibility of hazardous reaction and goes to give a list of the incompatible materials together with conditions to avoid.
Section 11: Toxicological Effects
This section gives vast knowledge on the likely routes of exposure (i.e. inhalation, skin and eye contact) as well as a detailed description of delayed and instant effects from exposure of the chemical. It also gives the symptoms associated with exposure of the chemical.
Section 12: Ecological Information (non-mandatory)
This section explains the impact of the chemical if it were realized to the environment.
Section 13: Disposable Consideration (non-mandatory)
This section contain such information as the proper means of disposal of the chemical and other practices such as recycling of the chemical to minimize its exposure to organisms and the environment.
Section 14: Transport Information
Outlines the information required for the transportation of hazardous chemicals by air, ship or road.
Section 15: Regulatory Information (non-Mandatory)
This section outlines any national /regional regulations on the chemical or mixture not indicated anywhere else in the SDS.
Section 16: Other Information
This section indicates when the SDS was last prepared or when the last revision was made.